Roman Mythology: Gods of Trade and Commerce

Roman Mythology: Gods of Trade and Commerce

The Gods of Commerce: Exploring Roman Mythology

According to Roman mythology, deities had dominion over various aspects of life, even commerce and trade. Let’s delve into the gods associated with trade and wealth in ancient Roman belief.

Mercury (Hermes)

Mercury, known as Hermes in Greek mythology, was the chief god of trade and commerce in the Roman pantheon. As the messenger of the gods, he was also the patron of travelers, thieves, and merchants. Mercury wore winged sandals and a winged hat, symbolizing his swift ability to facilitate financial transactions and communication.


Fortuna was the goddess of luck, fortune, and chance. She played a crucial role in determining the outcomes of business endeavors and commercial enterprises. Merchants and traders often sought Fortuna’s favor through prayers and offerings to ensure prosperity and success in their transactions.


Janus was the god of beginnings, transitions, and doorways, but he also presided over trade and commerce. This two-faced deity symbolized the dual nature of trade, representing both opportunities and risks. Janus was invoked by traders seeking his blessings for safe journeys and profitable deals.


While primarily associated with agriculture and fertility, Ceres, the goddess of the harvest, also played a role in commerce. As trade often revolved around the exchange of agricultural products, Ceres was revered by merchants involved in grain and food trading. Her influence ensured bountiful harvests and successful trade ventures.

In conclusion, the gods of trade and commerce in Roman mythology were essential figures in ensuring prosperity, success, and fortune for merchants, traders, and entrepreneurs. Their worship and reverence reflected the importance of commerce in ancient Roman society.

FAQ: Roman Mythology: Gods of Trade and Commerce

Who were the main gods associated with trade and commerce in Roman mythology?

The primary gods linked to trade and commerce in Roman mythology were Mercury (or Hermes in Greek mythology) and Fortuna, the goddess of luck and fortune.

What was the role of Mercury in Roman mythology regarding trade and commerce?

Mercury was considered the messenger of the gods, as well as the god of trade, profit, and commerce. He was also associated with travelers, thieves, and trickery.

How did the Romans honor Mercury and Fortuna in matters of trade and commerce?

Romans worshipped Mercury by offering prayers, sacrifices, and hosting festivals like the Mercuralia to seek his blessings for successful business transactions. Fortuna was revered for providing luck and prosperity in commerce through rituals and ceremonies.

Roman Mythology: Gods of Trade and Commerce